An introduction to the routine neonatal circumcision

If it is a breach of human rights, then, since boys are human, it would follow that circumcision of boys is a breach of human rights too.


Active case-finding and treatment are performed by an ophthalmic nurse who visits the community and screens schoolchildren and the families of children with suspected cases. An analogy may be the toughening of the skin on the hands of manual workers.

HIV-AIDS: The new bogeyman

Statement on Male Circumcision. This will not take long as there are only two papers that measured foreskin surface area. See also the warnings collected at www. Warner and Strashin that neonatal circumcision is a cost-effective procedure.

Haemorrhage, arrest of, following circumcision requiring general anaesthesia Scheduled fee: International treaties in the human rights field give people the right to bodily integrity without discrimination as to gender.


Explanation The Medicare guidelines state that a medical benefit is payable only for medical procedures that are clinically necessary and is not payable for cosmetic or other unnecessary surgery. Further to conducting assessment surveys in andthe country was confirmed free of local transmission of lymphatic filariasis.

InSayre began using circumcision as a purported cure for several cases of young boys diagnosed with paralysis or significant motor problems. March 13, ; Accepted April 28, Published: Thus nationwide distribution of ITN to all populations at risk was adopted.

The narrative in Genesis chapter 17 describes the circumcision of Abraham and his relatives and slaves. Any preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic medical intervention is only to be carried out with the prior, free and informed consent of the person concerned, based on adequate information.

Passive screening is conducted by appropriately trained health workers, who submit a list of suspected cases to the subdistrict health authorities every 2 weeks. Alkhotani, Is Neonatal Circumcision Judicious? Finally, post-crash care is inadequate or lacking in many countries.

Subsequently some of the swelling subsided and painstaking efforts to insert the guard normally were deemed successful and allowed him to undergo the procedure as usual uneventfully.

The policy issued in by the Australian College of Paediatrics led the National Health and Medical Research Council to recommend that circumcision be dropped from the Medical Benefits Schedule, and this recommendation was partly accepted by the Health Department and endorsed by the then Minister, Neal Blewett in HIV-AIDS While there is evidence from Africa that circumcised men who have frequent unprotected intercourse with infected female partners are less vulnerable to infection with HIV, and world health authorities have recommended circumcision of sexually active adult men as an adjunct to controlling the spread of AIDS in severely affected regions of Africa, there has been no suggestion from responsible authorities that such measures are appropriate in developed nations or in places with a low incidence of female to male transmission.

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Health Prog ; 87 5: FGM is considered a necessary part of raising a girl properly and to prepare her for adulthood and marriage. College of Physicians and Surgeons of Saskatchewan, February 20, Active infection often begins during infancy or childhood and can become chronic.

Successful implementation of comprehensive health care management is possible with trained personnel, dedicated facilities, and tailoring the strategies to the local needs of each community. Inthe Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response Strategy was set up to address the burden of communicable diseases and improve the availability and use of data in detecting and responding to public health events.

It is proposed that proper medication be administered at circumcision schools. However, technical capacity for vector control is weak in many countries.

At the beginning of every academic year, five schools in every district undergo screening. When it does appear in print, it is in intactivist polemics, not credible, peer-reviewed science journals.

Circumcision: Personal stories from circumcised men

The success of the SAFE programme has been linked to the strong collaboration between the Ministry of Health, other ministries and nongovernmental organizations.

Since then, more than 20 Ebola outbreaks have occurred, mainly in eastern and central African countries.

Southern Africa remains disproportionately affected by the epidemic, with just over one third of all people living with HIV in residing in the 10 countries of that subregion. Despite the infrequency of the phenomenon we describe in our case, we really do not know the true incidence of such incidents, especially if the outcome is acceptably benign.

The baby's parents expressed their will to share this experience with other young parents and delivered their consent to this publication.

The health of the people: what works

Previous attempts to take action have foundered on precisely this rock. Occasional death estimated at 1 percircumcisions has been cited by American Academy of Family Physicians.

The cases were initially confined to rural Guinea with the epicentre being Gueckedou.>Circumcision Reference LibraryCircumcision Information Pages. These information pages are a readable introduction to the subject of circumcision. The prevalence of circumcision is the percentage of males in a given population who have been rates vary widely by country, from virtually 0% in Honduras, to 7% in Spain, to 20% in the United Kingdom, to 45% in South Africa, to 80% in the United States, to over 90% in many Muslim-majority countries.

Inthe World Health. Circumcision Impacts Breastfeeding When routine infant circumcision (RIC) takes place the baby is taken away from the mother, put through a very painful cosmetic procedure with minimal pain medication then handed back to the parents once he has been all cleaned up. Vermont Oxford Network is now supporting Cochrane Neonatal to provide the community of practice and VON members convenient access to Cochrane reviews.

diseases modifiable by circumcision, the level of protection offered by circumcision and the complication rates of circumcision do not warrant routine infant circumcision in Australia and New Zealand.

However it is reasonable for parents to weigh the benefits and risks of circumcision and to make the decision whether or not to circumcise their sons. Existing scientific evidence demonstrates potential medical benefits of newborn male circumcision; however, these data are not sufficient to recommend routine neonatal circumcision.

In circumstances in which there are potential benefits and risks, yet the procedure is not essential to the child's current well-being, parents should determine what is in the best interest of the child.

An introduction to the routine neonatal circumcision
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